Articles

Ideal Port I

Authors: Reza Ziarati, Bulent Akova, Basak Akdemir, Lakhvir Singh

Publication Date: 01/07/2017

This paper is written as basis for preparing a project proposal seeking funds to revolutionise port operations. This paper only includes information about port operations and does not include sensitive information about the proposal overall. Parts Ideal Port II and III of the paper will be publish after this intended proposal is successfully carried out.

Enabling youth to recognise their talents – Preparing for success as well as failure

Authors: Professor F. Tunc Bozbura and Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/06/2017

This article reports on a novel idea helping to enable the youth, their teachers and their parents to recognise their talents and abilities so that they find future occupation in which they can use their qualifications to the fullest and be satisfied and happy in what they do. The idea concerns all layers of education supply chain from primary to secondary leading to all levels in the tertiary system. The idea is to inspire and prepare young people for failures as well as success as both are part and parcel of the same coin through which fear of failure is removed allowing young people to learn by discovery and by doing, taking risk which is managed to some degree by their teachers. What is significant is the opportunity to be a player rather than an observer in life and recognition that the struggle is just as important as victory. Identifying the young people’s strength and interest is the first step in a more satisfying life and more fulfilled professional life.

MariFuture May 2017 Article

Authors: MariFuture.Org

Publication Date: 01/05/2017

The MariFuture will be producing two papers for presentation at IAMU 2017 in Varna, Bulgaria in September 2017. The first paper concerns ship energy efficiency in support of the EU funded MariEMS project (http://www.mariems.com)and the second paper will report on the EU funded ACTS Plus project ( http://advanced.ecolregs.com/)and its recent developments. This article contains a summary of both intended papers.

Industry-Academia collaboration

Authors: Lakhvir Singh (C4FF)

Publication Date: 01/04/2017

In today’s competitive economic environmental, the need of being open and staying connected with the eco-system actors has become crucial for firms’ performance (especially for science-intensive companies) , . Particularly, collaboration with universities has proved itself as an instrument for companies’ generating radical innovations – products/services that are novel to the market . However, several barriers like differences in organisational culture and internal characteristics keep the university-industry collaboration particularly challenging.

Academia-Industry Mismatch

Authors: Professor Tunc Bozbura (BAU) and Professor Reza Ziarati (C4FF)

Publication Date: 01/03/2017

The article presents a novel idea as it would enable the youth, their teachers and their parents to recognise their talents and abilities so that they find future occupation in which they can use their qualifications to the fullest and be satisfied and happy in what they do. The proposal contains all layers of education supply chain from primary to secondary leading to all levels in the tertiary system. The idea is to inspire and prepare young people for failures as well as success as both are part and parcel of the same coin through which fear of failure is removed allowing young people to learn by discovery and by doing, taking risk which is managed to some degree by their teachers.

MariFuture Article on Seafarers’ Transferable Skills to Jobs Ashore

Authors: George Tsouris (PEPEN),Aris Chronopoulos (IDEC S.A.), Tomas Gregoric (SPINAKER D.o.o.), Martin Ziarati (C4FF), Reza Ziarati (TUDEV), Janusz Uriasz (OPR), Heikki Koivisto (SAMK)

Publication Date: 01/02/2017

This article is a document which was part of the SAIL AHEAD project, financed with the EC funds in the domain of "Lifelong Learning Programme" managed by EACEA, number 510581-LLP-1-2010-1-EL-LEONARDO-LMP.

In every profession and every job, one has to deal with some kind of professional hazards and people’s suitability for that particular job is tested on both their knowledge and skills they acquire throughout their previous learning and experience and, their adequacy in responding to these hazards professionally. The same is true with seafaring jobs; but what is significant is that fewer people gain the necessary ‘qualifications’ to display the competence in effectively to respond to hazards of seafaring, such as responding to emergency situations or preventing such emergencies to happen in the first place. The professional seafarers have to go through a complex set of programmes of education and training and develop a range of knowledge and skills on-the- job such as: knowledge of the sea; understanding the application of the conventions and rules formulated by major international and national bodies and authorities such as IMO, ILO, flags, classification societies; knowledge of industry standards – IMarEST, ISF, MNTB, etc.; continuous professional development – updating skills when changes are made to the rules or a when a new competence emerges; Management experience, ship business, social issues, etc.; human element – design, built operations, ergonomic issues; underpinning the knowledge and skills needed for new requirements such as BRM and ERM; or the use of a particular navigation device such as ECTIS, AIS and so forth; skills in safety awareness, risk assessment, leadership; The technical proficiency in engine and navigation systems and operations; and the professionalism itself – integrity, impartiality, empathy, willing learn, team player, managing self and so forth. Working at sea is often dangerous, both operationally and in terms of some of the goods carried on board. Sea can be rough and cruel on occasions. In short, being a seafarer is a challenging profession that requires extraordinary skills and attributes to be developed. Captains, including senior and junior officers carry out various managerial, technical and administrative duties as part of their contractual job requirements which creates opportunities to for learning to take place.

Avoiding Collisions At Sea – Pareto Analysis

Authors: Professor Dr Reza Ziarati (C4FF), Capt. Himadri Lahiry (C4FF), Capt. Djani Mohovic (UoR), Capt. Mate Baric (UoR), Capt. Nicolai Velikov (NV), Sjlia Teege (SeaTeach) and Dr Basak Akdemir (BAU)

Publication Date: 20/01/2017

This paper reports on the findings of an EU Erasmus+ funded project, known as MariEMS, that aimes to develop the role of the ship energy managers and a training programme for these managers. The project is expected to contribute to regulate the navigational equipment and engine performance parameters for minimum fuel consumption and exhaust emissions by taking advantage of the wind and sea conditions ensuring also compliance with EEDI (Energy Efficiency Design Index) without the risk of intentional reduction of speed. The primary experiments (Ziartai and Akdemir, 2015) have shown substantial fuel saving potential. The experiment allowed the study of key operating factors affecting the efficiency of ship operations to be investigated and methodologies concerning navigation and engine control systems, for safe operations and efficient performance, to be optimised. In the experiments a set of high fidelity tools and processes (Autoset) for the accurate and efficient analysis of air and sea conditions were considered. The experiments included limited hydrodynamic analysis for ships’ operational performance in normal running condition as well as slow speed behaviour. The experimental work concerned the adaptation of multi-objective optimisation and integrated design environments for holistic operational performance and minimum powering requirement predictions; this is expected to ensure safe application of the design rules guaranteeing, at the same time, the right balance between economic efficiency, environmental performance and safety. The reason for the experiments was a decision support system to provide navigation knowledge to regulate engine running conditions for minimum fuel consumption and lowest feasible CO2 emission. The experiments are on going and the overall system comprised a standalone platform (AutoSet) composed of all harware and software systems. The intention of MariEMS project is to take advantage of the outcome of a recently conlcuded projects such as IdealShip (Sahayam , 2014), this latter project proved that it is possible to make considerable fuel saving when sailing the ship through the path of least resistance (sea and air) in its jouney from one location to antoher.

MariEMS – Maritime Energy and Management System

Authors: Professor Dr Reza Ziarati, Dr Basak Yucel Akdemir

Publication Date: 14/12/2016

This paper reports on the findings of an EU Erasmus+ funded project, known as MariEMS, that aimes to develop the role of the ship energy managers and a training programme for these managers. The project is expected to contribute to regulate the navigational equipment and engine performance parameters for minimum fuel consumption and exhaust emissions by taking advantage of the wind and sea conditions ensuring also compliance with EEDI (Energy Efficiency Design Index) without the risk of intentional reduction of speed. The primary experiments (Ziartai and Akdemir, 2015) have shown substantial fuel saving potential. The experiment allowed the study of key operating factors affecting the efficiency of ship operations to be investigated and methodologies concerning navigation and engine control systems, for safe operations and efficient performance, to be optimised. In the experiments a set of high fidelity tools and processes (Autoset) for the accurate and efficient analysis of air and sea conditions were considered. The experiments included limited hydrodynamic analysis for ships’ operational performance in normal running condition as well as slow speed behaviour. The experimental work concerned the adaptation of multi-objective optimisation and integrated design environments for holistic operational performance and minimum powering requirement predictions; this is expected to ensure safe application of the design rules guaranteeing, at the same time, the right balance between economic efficiency, environmental performance and safety. The reason for the experiments was a decision support system to provide navigation knowledge to regulate engine running conditions for minimum fuel consumption and lowest feasible CO2 emission. The experiments are on going and the overall system comprised a standalone platform (AutoSet) composed of all harware and software systems. The intention of MariEMS project is to take advantage of the outcome of a recently conlcuded projects such as IdealShip (Sahayam , 2014), this latter project proved that it is possible to make considerable fuel saving when sailing the ship through the path of least resistance (sea and air) in its jouney from one location to antoher.

Avoiding Collisions At Sea – Pareto Analysis

Authors: Professor Dr Reza Ziarati, Dr Martin Ziarati and Captain Himadri Lahiry

Publication Date: 30/11/2016

It has been almost 40 years since the 1972 International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea known as COLREGs were introduced, and regular amendments have been taking place accordingly ever since. Collision avoidance is believed, in a sense, to prevent groundings, the striking of fixed obstacles, as well as ships colliding with other ships. Over the last half-century despite improvements in navigational aids such as ARPA and attempts to raise the standards of training through the various STCW conventions, collisions still occur. Many studies and accident reports_indicate that the accidents were caused by either human error or are associated with human error as a result of inappropriate human responses. Collisions commonly represent many of these accidents.

Report of the Independent Panel on Technical Education

Authors: DAVID SAINSBURY

Publication Date: 01/04/2016

The Independent Panel on Technical Education was established by the Minister for Skills, on behalf of the Secretaries of State for Education and for Business, Innovation and Skills, in November 2015. It was tasked with advising ministers on actions to improve the quality of technical education in England and, in particular, to simplify the currently over-complex system and ensure the new system provides the skills most needed for the 21st century.

Post-16 Skills Plan

Authors: Department for Education

Publication Date: 03/08/2016

Reforming the skills system is one of the most important challenges we face as a country. Getting it right is crucial to our future prosperity, and to the life chances of millions of people. Real progress has been made following changes in the last Parliament, including those resulting from the Wolf Report1 and growing investment in apprenticeships. The current system has a number of strengths, including a network of dedicated professionals.

The UK on the Verge of Triggering Article 50 – The Consequences!

Authors: C4FF Team

Publication Date: 19/07/2016

This is the fourth article by Centre for Factories of the Future (C4FF) reporting on Brexit. The first article was published on 1 April was about the facts obtained by research and was revised in the second article published in May 2016. The revised article was of significance as it predicted, using C4FF’s powerful neural network forecaster that the UK by a narrow majority will vote to stay in the EU. A copy of the article can be viewed at http://www.marifuture.org/Publications/Articles/Brexit_Report_II.pdf). Using the same forecaster on 6th June 2016, C4FF predicted that the UK voters will vote by a narrow majority, this time, to leave the EU with some 52% wishing to do so and 48% wishing to remain. This third article can be found in http://www.marifuture.org/Publications/Articles/Brexit_Report_III.pdf.

The UK on the Verge of Leaving the European Union – An Alarming Prospect!

Authors: C4FF Team

Publication Date: 09/06/2016

This is the second article by Centre for Factories of the Future (C4FF). In the first article published in April 2016 (http://www.marifuture.org/Publications/Articles/Brexit_Report_II.pdf) C4FF predicted that the UK will remain in the EU, but just in a matter of a few weeks, the tides have squarely turned against the ‘stay’ campaigners with the majority of the eligible UK voters wishing to leave the EU. This is an alarming prospect for the well-being of the UK in the medium to long term.

Sustainable Shipping and MariePRO

Authors: Dr Sadan Kaptanoglu

Publication Date: 01/06/2016

Sustainable Shipping and MariePRO

Presentation Notes from Keynote Speaker Dr Sadan Kaptanoglu, Kaptanoglu Shipping and member of Board of BIMCO

My presentation today is, as expected, on the topic of the maritime business and the challenges facing it. I will, as the title of the conference suggests, say a few words about sustainable shipping and challenges before us. I am aware that many of you know that I am a ship owner and this is my core business; like most shipping businesses in Turkey I too am a member of a family business. I have been active in shipping for some 18 years.

Should the UK remain or Leave the European Union? The Final Report on the View of the Centre for Factories of the Future (C4FF) as to Why the UK Should Stay in the EU

Authors: C4FF Team

Publication Date: 01/05/2016

Centre for Factories of the Future (C4FF) was a major UK Government Centre established in 1982 and became a European Innovation Projects 1984-1996. The Centre has always been an independent research centre working on UK Government and EU funded projects in support of mainly small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). C4FF has two formidable tools, a powerful forecaster and a novel voting platform.

Should Britain remain or Leave the European Union? A Draft Report on the View of the Centre for Factories of the Future (C4FF)

Authors: C4FF Team

Publication Date: 01/04/2016

Centre for Factories of the Future (C4FF) has always been an independent research centre working on UK Government and EU funded projects in support of mainly small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). C4FF has two formidable tools, a powerful forecaster and a novel voting platform.

Quality Systems and International Safety Management Code

Authors: Dr Martin Ziarati, Dr Sadan Kaptanoglu and Dr Basak Akdemir

Publication Date: 01/03/2016

The maritime industry is directly influenced by the policies of International Maritime Organisation (IMO) and its international conventions. IMO has established three major pillars, viz., SOLAS (Safety Of Life At Sea), MARPOL (Maritime Pollution) and STCW (Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping. In addition there are several international organisations such as ILO which regulate the labour rules and regulations. Maritime sector is very sensitive on two topics safety at sea and environment. These two concepts can be found in almost every shipping company’s mission statement. Despite of the existed sensitivity accidents in Maritime Sector especially on vessels still continue.

The Opportunity to Develop Cleaner Diesel Engines

Authors: Dr Martin Ziarati and Dr Basak Akdemir

Publication Date: 22/01/2016

The current scandal engulfing Volkswagen (VW) regarding the falsifying of data in order for diesel cars to pass American and European emissions tests brings to light decades of deception by the company and the collusion of the research and industry bodies who failed to question and hold VW and their claims to account. It is also well-known that VW is not the only car manufacturer which has to clean up their act. It is for this reason that this paper was commissioned by Centre for Factories of the Future in the UK and Bahcesehir University in Turkey. This paper complements their recent research in making ships burn less fuel and hence produce fewer pollutants (Ziarati and Akdemir, 2015).

G20 Summit and Economic Developments

Authors: Dr Basak Akdemir

Publication Date: 04/01/2016

G20 brings the largest 19 economic powers and the EU together, representing 85% of the world’s economy, 75% of trades and two-thirds of the world’s population. The G20 started in 1999 as a meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in the aftermath of the Asian financial crisis. In 2008, the first G20 Leaders' Summit was held, and the group played a key role in responding to the global financial crisis. G20 leaders have met nine times since 2008, continuing to focus on achieving strong, sustainable and balanced growth, promoting job creation and financial regulations that reduce risks and prevent future financial crises and modernizing international financial architecture.

LEANSHIP - Design and Development of a High Fidelity Integrated Ship Management System for Matching Engine Operations to Sea and Air Conditions

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati and Dr Basak Yucel Akdemir

Publication Date: 13/11/2015

This paper reports on a project that aimed to regulate the navigational equipment and engine performance parameters for minimum fuel consumption and exhaust emissions by taking advantage of wind and sea conditions while ensuring compliance with EEDI (Energy Efficiency Design Index) without the risk of intentional reductions of speed. The primary experiments have shown substantial fuel saving potential. To achieve this aim, key operating factors affecting the efficiency of ship operations were investigated and methodologies to optimise navigation and engine control systems for safe operations and efficient performance were developed. Also a set of high fidelity tools and processes for the accurate and efficient analysis of air and sea conditions were considered. The project included hydrodynamic analysis for ships’ operational performance in normal running conditions as well as slow speed behaviour. The project work concerned the adaptation of multi-objective optimisation and integrated design environments for holistic operational performance and minimum powering requirement predictions; this is expected to ensure safe application of the design rules whilst guaranteeing the right balance between economic efficiency, environmental performance and safety. The main deliverable of this project was a decision support system to provide navigation knowledge to regulate engine running conditions for minimum fuel consumption and lowest feasible CO2 emission. The project is ongoing and the overall system is expected to comprise a standalone platform composed of all hardware and software systems.

INtroducing Science in PrImary schools through Learning by DiscovEry (INSPIRE)

Authors: INSPIRE Team

Publication Date: 20/10/2015

It is an acknowledged fact that Europe has an aging population and while Eurostat analysis shows the numbers of students graduating university with STEM qualification has remained stable across the EU in recent years (22.3% of all graduates in 2006 and 22.8% of graduates in 2012) this has not been sufficient to overcome expected shortfalls in industry in the medium to long term. The Eurostat analysis shows that in Germany for example in 2012 (arguably the leading country in terms of STEM graduates in the EU) despite nearly 30% of all graduates having a STEM qualification there was a shortage of 200,000 STEM graduates (mainly engineers) costing the economy 20 billion Euros a year. It is interesting to note that this trend is the same for the US with the added worry that the number of students who enter engineering programmes is actually projected to drop; a projection that many believe will have a negative impact on the U.S. workforce in the future (Christian D. Schunn, 2009).

Talking our way to safer shipping

Authors: Dr Martin Ziarati and Alison Noble

Publication Date: 28/09/2015

According to the International Maritime Organisation, there are 85,000 working vessels (of 100gt and above) on the world’s seas. The shipping industry is a key component of the global economy, carrying nearly 90% of world trade — and, as such, demands high standards of safety and security.

A drop in the ocean

Authors: Dr Martin Ziarati

Publication Date: 10/07/2015

Considering that 90% of global trade is transported by sea and that 80% of accidents in the industry are attributed to human error it should be acknowledged that safe and efficient ship operations depend on the competencies of seafarers. One of these is the competency in maritime English.

Development of an Innovative Autonomous and Intelligent Tool for ‘Least-Fuel-Voyage’ Management within the Shipping Industry (IShip)

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 05/06/2015

A review of recent publications (Lloyd’s Register, Life Matters, June 2012) and the IMO’s own reports (Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC), 64 session, Agenda item 4, 29th June 2012) and similar reports by learnt societies and classification societies and maritime organisations, for instance, German Lloyd Academy (GL, EEDI in practice, 2012) which give a clear view of the roadmap for reducing the marine engine emissions in particular in the near future. The whole of Central and North America coastal areas are now almost an ECA (Emission Control Area) and it is expected that coasts of Mexico, Alaska and the Great lakes, Singapore, Hong Kong, Korea, Australia, Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Tokyo bay are currently considering becoming ECAs. What is significant is that these constitute 90% of shipping routes so the implications are serious. The Lloyd’s report (Life Matters, June 2012) contains a set of guidance notes to provide advice to owners, operators and shipyards who are perhaps looking to adopt the EEDI early on a voluntary basis, or prepare themselves for its future mandatory implementation.

2015 MariFuture Year of Energy Efficiency

Authors: Dr Martin Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/05/2015

2014 was devoted to safety as sea and Marifuture supported the development of several projects. Project ACTs (www.ecolregs.com) was initiated by C4FF in response to the EU policy for zero collisions and as part of the Marifuture drive to reduce collisions and grounding at sea with a view to examine the COLEREGS, IMO’s ‘rule of the road’, and to try to improve the application of these important rules. Two other projects, one to reduce stress on board ships (project SOS) and one to improve communication on board vessels (Project SeaTALK) were also initiated. All three projects were funded by the EU and are progressing well. 2015 has been designated the Marifuture year of energy efficiency.

LEFlexi – A Way Forward for the Shipping Industry

Authors: Dr. Şadan Kaptanoğlu, Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/03/2015

This is a short article discussing the latest international efforts in making shipping more competitive. The challenges facing the industry are formidable and for some company particularly the smaller ones the future is bleaker than it has been in the last few years. The shipping companies are now expected to be leaner, more fuel efficient and have skills to seek finance as well as being au fait with latest trends in legislation. Logic dictates that a holistic approach is the safest bet. The approach requires applying well tested lean techniques in making the shipping operational more effective and efficient and at the same time find means of reducing fuel consumption and the resultant harmful emissions such as GHS and CO2 etc. and specifically particularly carcinogenic particulates.

The Importance of Accreditation and, Research and Development – Developing Staff and Supporting Industry and Commerce

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 20/02/2015

C4FF seek to offer maximum opportunities to its students. If our programmes at C4FF are accredited by professional chartered institutions our students will enjoy a greater degree of international recognition and will be in a more opportune position to seek employment abroad.

New Research Based e-Learning Model Course to Avoid Collisions at Sea

Authors: Captain Himadri Lahiry

Publication Date: 01/11/2014

Since ancient times, in the wake of accidents and disasters at sea, huge changes in the individual and collective knowledge and behaviour of those engaged in navigation at sea occurred. In modern times, to improve safety at sea and to avoid collisions, several attempts have been made to improve the collision regulation.

Reduction of collisions risks at sea. A study of recent casualties through collisions and endeavour to predict the changes required in the use and application of existing IMO collision regulations for the development of an e-learning model course.

Authors: Capt. Himadri Lahiry, Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/07/2014

The article reports from extensive studies and analysis of the use and application of IMO (International Maritime Organisation) Collision Regulations (COLREGs) to reveal the practices and problems of collision avoidance as seen from the perspective of seafarers, maritime education and training providers, VTS (vessel traffic services) operators, employees of the port authorities, pilots as well as with masters of the fishing boats and yachts. The focus has been to identify and establish a common understanding of an individual rule through some kind of guidelines that are needed to standardize the education, training and assessment of COLREGs through the proposed COLREGs Model Course. It also expresses and justifies the view that the COLREGs model course should be an integral part of the STCW (Standards of Training, Certification and Watch-keeping) for Seafarers.

MariFuture 2020 - Part II

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/06/2014

This article provides an overview on recent research by TUDEV, C4FF and its European partners to Identify Project proposals in support of MariFuture Roadmap 2020.

Avoiding collisions at sea

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/04/2014

This paper, as part of the EU funded project ACTS (Avoiding Collisions aT Sea), present a reivew of the recent research studies and relevant accident reports that identify the causes of accidents at sea with a veiw to identify the most recurring causes of these type of accidents. It is intended to apply the Pareto analysis of the most likely causes of accidents at sea. Several reports and papers clearly identify Collisions as the most recuring type of accidents at sea. Recent research has identified problems with Collision Regulations and their interpretation to be serious causes of many collisions. There are many near collisions, each of which is an accident waiting to happen.

European Boat Design Innovation Group for Wind Farm Support Vessel (EBDIG –WFSV)

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/03/2014

The first EU funded EBDIG project was very successful. It established an on-line platform and a course for yacht designers of the future. More information is available in www.ebdig.eu. This project is the second EBDIG project aim at training the designer of future wind farm vessels.

Stress on ships (SOS) A new EU Leonardo Transfer of Innovation Project II

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/03/2014

The causes of stress and its better management have a bearing on the agenda of major national, European and international bodies such as the IMO, BIMCO, ISF and many others who are working to find ways to improve working conditions on board ships. Stress has direct impact on safe navigation and the Stresin nedenleri overall well-being of crews.

MariFuture 2020

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/02/2014

MariFuture vision encompasses the current and the intended initiatives that make the seas safer, more secure and cleaner. The vision has been transformed into several proposals which are in support of the national, European and international efforts by individual governments, European agencies such as EMSA and DG MOVE and DG MARE as well as international bodies such as the International Maritime Organisation.

Members invited to support study of colregs problems

Publication Date: 01/02/2014

Members invited to support study of colregs problems.

Stress on ships (SOS) A new EU Leonardo Transfer of Innovation Project

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/01/2014

The causes of stress and its better management have a bearing on the agenda of major national, European and international bodies such as the IMO, BIMCO, ISF and many others who are working to find ways to improve working conditions on board ships. Stress has s direct impact on safe navigation and the overall well-being of crews.

Post Funding Plan - Twinning Project between Italy and Turkey Improved maritime education and training in Turkey-II

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/12/2013

THE TURKISH MARITIME CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE (TMCE) The main idea behind TMCE was to build on the success of MarEdu in Turkey. MarEdu has played a major role in developing internationally recognised and respected maritime education and training (MET), and in identifying the major gaps in MET which had led to many accidents and incidents at sea.

Post Funding Plan - Twinning Project between Italy and Turkey Improved maritime education and training in Turkey-I

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/11/2013

VISIT BY ITALIAN DELEGATION - The purpose of the visit was to see how the Twinning Project (TP) could continue and built on the recent success of the project. The post funding plan of the TP has now been integrated with the Turkish maritime community’s development plan, and has led to several joint projects and developments.

Avoiding Collisions At Sea – New Eu Funded Project

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/10/2013

A study of the reports reveals that 85% of all accidents are either directly initiated by human error or are associated with human error by means of inappropriate human response (Ziarati, 2006).

IdealShip – Developing the Next Generation of Ship Command Structures

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/09/2013

The project is expected to contribute to improving the safety of vessels in compromised situations, while respecting regulatory environmental constraints.

Bid to break down EU certification barriers

Authors: Telegraph

Publication Date: 01/08/2013

The results of major European Union funded project to investigate ways of improving the 'employability' of European seafarers in the small commercial vessels sectors are due to be released next month.

Ship broking and chartering course

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/08/2013

Developed by Continuous Training Center of Piri Reis University (PÜSEM) and Ship Brokers Association.

A lifetime opportunity for graduates of maritime vocational schools - Learning from TUDEV’s experience - II

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/07/2013

This is a second article in a series which introduces a set of programmes developed by the newly established Piri Reis University’s Meslek Yuksek Okulu (MYO).

A lifetime opportunity for graduates of maritime vocational schools - Learning from TUDEV’s experience

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/06/2013

This article introduces a set of programmes developed by the newly established Piri Reis University’s Meslek Yuksek Okulu (MYO).

Creating Employment and Encouraging Mobility - Great Employment Opportunity across Europe for commercial skippers in the SCV Sector!

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/05/2013

The EU-funded TRECVET (Transnational Recognition of European Certification in Vocational Education and Training) project has progress considerably in one year and is developing a set of tools, which can provide acceptance and mutual recognition of comparable qualifications from various EU member states, within the SCV sector.

UniMET Final Partner Meeting, National Seminar and Conference

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/04/2013

UniMET 5th and final partner meeting (Final) was held on 24th January 2013 in Naples, Italy. All UniMET partners attended the meeting and discussed the project progress since the last meeting (the 4th partner meeting) and reviewed the arrangements for and plans of the post funding period.

Developing an Online English Course Language for Seafarers

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/03/2013

The course will be in line with IMO and the European Qualification Framework. The project is expected to support the Maritime English standards developed as a part of EU funded MarTEL and MarTEL plus.

TUDEV Cadets in Scotland on Leonardo Mobility Programme

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/02/2013

Funded by the EU, TRAIN 4CS prepares the students of TUDEV studying the shipping programme for the MCA Certificate.

Sail Ahead, Go Ahead - Sail Ahead National Conference in Turkey

Authors: Prof. Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/01/2013

The main aim of the conference was to introduce the project to the Turkish maritime sector; NGOs, education institutions and government institutions. The conference was part of the planned dissemination and exploitation activities of SAIL AHEAD at a national level.

Are we all on the same page

Authors: Sarah Robinson

Publication Date: 01/02/2013

Despite the best intentions of the industry, we all know there’s some way to go before English is fully established as the language of the sea. SARAH ROBINSON finds out what the academic community is doing to move things along.

Cracking the Comms comundrum

Authors: Dr. Martin Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/12/2012

It is time the industry paid more attention to crews’ poor English skills, says Martin Ziarati of the Centre for Factories of the Future.

Swallow the Anchor

Authors: Ship management International

Publication Date: 01/11/2012

The stresses and strains of a life at sea are well documented, with long shifts, often worked in variable conditions and inhospitable weather a constant threat. Some seafarers must face alternating four-hour shifts, extreme changes in temperature, a poor diet, stressful tasks and little contact with loved ones, so perhaps it is easy to see why the average seafarer works at sea for less than 10 years.

Combining vocational and academic requirements in the maritime education and training 3

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/12/2012

Time, cost and requirements are the major issues and challenges for achieving an effective MET practice. MET institutions are trying to overcome.

Combining vocational and academic requirements in the maritime education and training 2

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/11/2012

This study presented in the paper is a summary of the existing issues and problems faced by MET institutions worldwide. The study was carried out to initiate discussions with a view to find better solutions to problems encountered of offering highly regulated and complex set of programmes.

Combining vocational and Academic Requirements in the Maritime Education and Training 1

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/10/2012

Unfortunately we still have many problems in vocational education and training to meet the manpower requirements of the industry.

Establishment of Turkish Maritime Centre of Excellence

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/09/2012

This article concerns two proposals once by TUDEV regarding the establishment of the Turkish Maritime Centre of Excellence (TMCE) and the other by YOK concerning the setting up of a Centre of Excellence for Maritime Simulator Instructor Training (CEMSIT).

Study Seeking to open up EU Jobs

Authors: Telegraph

Publication Date: 01/10/2012

Work has begun on a new project that seeks to make it easier for masters and officers of small commercial vessels to work under the flags of other EU member states.

TRECVET-Transnational Recognition of European Certification in Vocational Education and Training

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/08/2012

Established as a project of the Lifelong Learning programme of the EU, TRECVET aims at contributing to finding solutions for mobility and recognition of qualifications within vocational education and training and thereby supports the objectives of the European Union’s Leonardo da Vinci programme.

Attracting young people to seafaring profession

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/05/2012

The European Community Shipowners’ Association in its lasts annual report (2009) addresses the need to attact young persons from European Union countries in the maritime profession and to improve the image and knowledge about shipping.

Cross training

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/06/2012

An EU-funded project which aims to bring together maritime education and training (MET) standards with a view to make it easier for trainers, employers and seafarers to have access to a number of MET practices and a generic model comprising all MET programmes and IMO and good practice courses incorporating all recent IMO STCW changes.

Harmonising maritime education and training

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/07/2012

IMO model courses was considered a good approach and the inclusion of several other learning opportunities such as UniMET integrated navigation course was an innovative in itself.

IMPACT Project Commences

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/03/2012

The IMPACT project intends to promote the results of a number of completed maritime vocational education and training projects which directly address particular problems or deficiencies in MVET throughout Europe, and represent innovative use of information and communication technologies in lifelong learning.

Can you help officer career path project?

Publication Date: 01/06/2012

Nautilus members are being invited to support a news European study that is looking at ways to attract more young people at sea by showing the wide range of careers that seafarer training can lead to.

Euro-Harmony On Seafarer Training?

Publication Date: 01/12/2011

Nautilus International members are being invited to take part in a conference looking at the unification of European maritime training and education. Taking place in London on Friday 16 December, the conference is being held as part of the EU-funded project UniMET, which has been examining ways of improving seafarer employment and mobility opportunities through harmonised maritime training and education.

A report on UniMET Conference in London

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/02/2012

A major project is under way to look into ways of improving the employability of European seafarers by harmonising maritime education and training within the EU.

MariFuture new EU funded projects

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/01/2012

GETAFIX project concerns the Small Commercial Vessel (SCV) maritime sector of the EU, where qualifications of one member state are not recognised by the authorities of other member states.

MariFuture activities at TUDEV

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/12/2011

This article reports on the progress made with RU funded projects at TUDEV giving references to some of TUDEV papers presented and activities carried out in recent events in the world.

Training and crewing: Cross training

Authors: Mike Gerber

Publication Date: 01/03/2012

An EU-funded project aims to bring together maritime training standards to make life easier for trainers, employers and seafarers. Mike Gerber examines how it might help raise safety standards.

SURPASS the test

Authors: Professor Reza Ziarati, Dr Martin Ziarati and Ugurcan Acar

Publication Date: 01/03/2012

Academics are aiming to improve the training of seafarers in onboard automated systems. Professor Reza Ziarati, Dr Martin Ziarati and Ugurcan Acar, of the maritime division at the Centre for Factories of the Future, explain all.

In tune on training?

Authors: Mike Gerber

Publication Date: 01/02/2012

A major project is under way to look into ways of improving the employability of European seafarers by harmonising maritime education and training within the EU. Mike Gerber reports on the progress made in first year.

MariFuture changes the maritime education II

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/11/2011

MarTEL (Maritime test of English language) is an European Leonardo Da Vinci project which aims to establish standards for Maritime English. The project ended in 2009; evolving into a multi-layered structure with a thorough approach to the project objectives and creating standards in testing Maritime English of three groups of seafarers, namely; the would-be cadets of maritime academies, graduates of these academies and the officers of junior rank and the seafarers of senior level who are captains and chief engineers.

MariFuture changes the maritime education

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/10/2011

The modern ships particularly oil and container carrying vessels are becoming increasingly automated. The automation has brought two problems with it, one concerning the inadequacy of existing seafarers' education and training that if any aspects of automation fail the crew often are not trained to use alternative systems and hence respond it effectively.

Turkey is taking the Lead

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/09/2011

Partnership of training institutions and the industry partners towards establishing "maritime certificates of excellence" may well go further than the STCW requirements.

Turkey is taking the Lead

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/08/2011

Shipping has for a long time been recognised as one of the strong catalyst of socio - economic development.

Establishment of Center of Excellence

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/07/2011

In a view to establishing the Turkish Shipping Centre of Excellence, the best shipping policies and practices in the world's leading countries were studied carefully.

Learning from Accidents

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/06/2011

It is believed that the majority of human errors could have been prevented by adopting a more human oriented approach.

A New Project from TUDEV

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/05/2011

A careful study of the accident reports reveals that 85% of all accidents are either directly initiated by human error or are associated with human by means of inappropriate human response.

Innovation in GMDSS Training

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/04/2011

EGMDSS project which TUDEV is a partner wins the Finland's Gold Medal 2010 in international series. It also wins the European Award as one of the nine best e-leaning platforms out of 443 EC Initiatives.

Looking into the Future - New Initiatives by the European Commission

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/03/2011

Professor Ziarati is strongly of the view that Turkey should take full advantage of the opportunities outline in the EU new initiatives as outlined by the commissioner, Maria Damanaki.

MarTEL Plus Project Summary

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/02/2011

The MarTEL project is particular timely for Turkey where there is a shortage of officers but huge surplus of ratings many with no or little knowledge of Maritime English.

Just Click to certificate

Publication Date: 01/12/2010

A news online initiative has been launched to help people in the maritime industry gain GMDSS qualifications whilst at sea.

The easiest way of GMDSS Communication

Publication Date: 01/08/2008

Most of the readers of this magazine might well remember the Turkish Maritime Education Foundation/TUDEV’s EU Leonardo Da Vinci E-GMDSS Project from previous issues. In this article, I would like to update you on recent developments of the project.

A cooperation project in Education: UniMET

Authors: Capt. Teränen Jarmo

Publication Date: 01/01/2011

he international Maritime Organisation (IMO) developed the first standard for Vocational Education and Training (VET) programmes for merchant navy officers (STCW) in 1978.

MarTEL Plus Proje Özeti

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/12/2010

MarTEL Plus Projesi, son zamanlarda yapılan Leonardo da Vinci MarTEL projesini tamamlamakta ve genişletmektedir. MarTEL Projesi son derece iyi kabul görmüş ve sonuçlarının sunulması amacı ile 2010 IMO STW41 oturumundan davet almıştır.

European GMDSS e-learning Platform

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/10/2010

EU has invited the partners to Brussels to attend the award winning ceremony in November 2010 giving the partners the opportunity to tell their success story to senior EU officials and their guests. Knowledge is simply not being refreshed and maintained at sea to an acceptable standard especially in the case of emergency situations when such events are viewed as a rarity, which is when the knowledge of emergency communication devices may easily be forgotten and put the safety of crew, passengers, vessel and cargo at risk.

Project CAPTAINS

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/10/2010

The proposal aims to transfer innovation and to conjugate existing knowledge concerning linguistic, paralinguistic, cultural and discourse formation issues acting as barriers in ship-to-ship, ship-toshore- to-ship and crew communication in the multi-cultural context of a ship particularly since over 75% of ships are now multilingual. 80% of maritime accidents are imputable to human factors, of which failure of communication represents one third (Ziarati 2006, Trenkner 2007).

A Cooperation Project in Education - UniMET

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/08/2010

The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) developed the first standard for Vocational Education and Training (VET) programmes for merchant navy officers (STCW) in 1978. A series of model courses for these programmes was introduced in 1991and were amended to include specific requirements in 1995. The standard was reviewed in 2003 and several significant changes were introduced recently and these changes were announced in June this year in Manila.

Sail Ahead Project

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/08/2010

Another Innovation project: Sail Ahead. The project summary as described in the project proposal argues that seafarers in general have a job with extraordinary complexities.

TUDEV's New EU funded Project

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/07/2010

Ten cadets from TUDEV are in Scotland to study for a Post HND (Higher National Diploma) course to prepare for the UK Maritime Coastguard Agency (MCA) Certificate of Competency (CoC) oral examination.

Opportunity to Revise MET Programmes

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/06/2010

Recently, IMO's priority has been to revise the most important international treaty dealing with crew standards (the International Convention of Standards of Training, Certification and Watch-keeping for Seafarers -STCW).

A New Innovation Project

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/05/2010

TUDEV and partners application to the European Union to form a European Boat Design Innovation Group has been successful.

Commences the MAIDER

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/04/2010

In the recent meetings of IMO MSC a great deal of emphasis was placed on human elements, particularly how human errors which have led to great loss of life and property.

Standards for Maritime English for Safer Seas and Ports

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/10/2009

It is acknowledge by all concerned that effective knowledge of English at sea and in ports is a must for all seafarers responsible for safety and security of the ship, its crew and its passengers.

The Leonardo SOS Project was introduced

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/10/2007

A conference on the EU Leonardo Safety on Sea (SOS) Project aiming devlop the quality of the maritime training was held at IMEK DTO/Turkish chamber of shipping's head quarter in Salipazari, and TUDEM/Marine Education Center of TUDEV/Turkish Maritime Education Foundation in Tuzla, Istanbul, on 19-19 Seotember, through cooperation with Edexcel International, Glasgow College of Nautical Sciences, South Tyneside College and Tromso University.

Innovation in GMDSS Training Courses

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/03/2011

The sea is an extensive and unregulated environment, and the safety of lives and the reduction of casualties are extremely important matters. For a long time, the focus has been to try to change the attitude and behaviour of those using the sea by improving their knowledge and training through education and awareness of safety initiatives.

Excellence for Maritime Education

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/01/2011

TUDEV supported the establishment of Maritime Education (MarEdu) Partnership (www.maredu.co.uk) in 2005 to tackle the maritime skill deficiencies based on the IMO reports and recent research in skill deficiencies in Europe. IMO has passed the responsibility for delivery and assessment of Merchant Navy education and training to member countries and does not take part, in any shape or form, in the inspection, evaluation or delivery of these programmes (Ziarati, 2003). IMO cannot work alone. In fact EU has helped by establishing EMSA (European Maritime Safety Agency) which has commenced monitoring the IMO standards for training and certification of merchant navy personnel (STCW).

MarTEL - Developing Standards for Maritime English for Safer Seas and Ports

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/09/2010

It is acknowledged by all concerned that effective knowledge of English at sea and in ports is a must for all seafarers responsible for safety and security of the ship, its crew and its passengers. Yet as evidenced by recent reports, articles and papers particularly accidents reports by major and reputable investigation authorities that the standard of English of some seafarers is so bad that they have difficulty communicating not only between themselves but also with agencies outside the ship (Alert, 2007).

Investigations into the human factor regarding disasters at sea, which focused on communication behaviour according to Trenker (2007) revealed that one third of accidents happen primarily due to insufficient command of maritime English. He reported that in VTS (Vessel Traffic Service) controlled areas for instance, poor communicating of relevant factors contribute up to 40% of collisions involving the human element, most of them caused by failures in radio communication even in routine conversations, but some also through face-to-face communication deficiencies.

Maritime Test of English Language – C4FF Article

Authors: Doctor M. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/09/2010

MarTEL offers a new and innovative approach to the Maritime English Language of mariners and port workers across the European Union. Through an interactive online learning platform, MarTEL will create and test a set of accepted standards of Maritime English Language for merchant seafarers whose first language is not English. The MarTEL Project is currently being developed by a consortium of highly experienced European partners; each comes from a different but related background that complements the project perfectly. The consortium includes maritime universities and training institutions as well as private companies which have hold specific experience or expertise in the project’s area.

The Project is supported by the European Union, which has funded the development and research of MarTEL since 2007. The project has received recognition from the EU because it meets several criteria for future development within the union by both encouraging and promoting lifelong learning among adult European learners and promotes the development of linguistic diversity and closer cohesion in Europe. MarTEL’s main aim us to improve safety at sea, which justifies the Projects inclusion within the EU's Leonardo da Vinci Programme.

Bridging the language gap

Authors: Jem Newton

Publication Date: 01/01/2010

Since 2007, an EU- funded transnational company have been working on a programme to establish proper standards of Maritime English. Called MarTEL, it is based on the premise that effective knowledge of English at sea and in ports is essential for all seafarers who have responsibility for the safety and security of their ship. Approximately one third of accidents at sea are caused by an insufficient command of Maritime English. Safety at Sea International journalist Jem Newton speaks to the Project Co-ordinators about the MarTEL programme and its aims.

The MarTEL Project - Developing Standards for Communication at Sea

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati and Captain H. Lahiry

Publication Date: 01/09/2010

A comprehensive account of the MarTEL project and its application is provided in this article. The need and importance of the establishment of International standards of Maritime English Language is provided. The article provides a case for MarTEL to become these International standards. The article also provides an example of a major maritime accident at sea that was caused due to communication errors by the crew on board the ship.

The SURPASS Project

Authors: Professor R. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/01/2010

TUDEV's new research and development project to make automated vessels safer has been approved by the Turkish National Agency and the EU. The project was jointly developed by Professor Ziarati and Mrs Sadan Kapanoglu. The project is named Short Course Programmers for Automated Systems in Shipping (SURPASS).

On the button

Authors: Doctor M. Ziarati

Publication Date: 01/08/2008

It is essential to ensure the safety of life and vessels at sea. Well, that is the primary function of maritime radio — but what free, useful and user-friendly learning materials are available assist the use of such equipment in emergency situations?

There were concerns over the limited access to such learning materials, and as a result some 11 major European organisations in the maritime industry came together to address this problem through the EGMDSS project.